The Forty Four Phonemes - Sounds of a Literacy Foundation

Grouped alphabetically they are:

  • s, a, t, i, p, n
  • c k,e,h,r,m,d
  • g,o,u,l,f,b
  • ai,j,oa,ie,ee,or
  • z,w,ng,v,short-oo, long-oo
  • y,x,ch,sh,voiced th, unvoiced th
  • qu,ou,oi,ue,er,ar

These 44 Phonemes comprise all of the sounds in the English Language.

Phoneme-grapheme correspondences are used to identify the sounds in spoken language. The decoded sequence of sounds can then be translated into the written representation of the spoken words.